This essay was disseminated for the first time during the International Forum “The Contemporary Experience of Hybrid Warfare. Ukraine experience” in December 2017. It was prepared by Vadym CHERNYSH, Ph.D. in Law, Minister for Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons of Ukraine 2016-2019 and Prem MAHADEVAN, Ph.D. in War Studies, Switzerland
This essay argues that violent protests led by foreign-sponsored proxy warriors cannot be defeated by military means alone. It reminds readers that ‘hybrid warfare’ is a civilian-dominated phenomenon.